What is neuropathy
Neuropathy is a pathology of the nervous system that occurs against the background of damage to peripheral nerves due to compression or injury, is not inflammatory. When several nerves located in the same area are affected, the term “polyneuropathy” is used. Against this disease sometimes helps such a drug as: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/ciclochem.
Up to 15% of the adult population suffers from various manifestations of neuropathy. Presumably, the number of patients with the disease is greater, because some of them do not go to the doctor with initial manifestations.
Causes of neuropathy
To date, the exact cause of neuropathy has not been established. The emergence and development of the disease is influenced by many factors, such as: diabetes mellitus, HIV infection, chronic alcoholism, organic diseases, external factors. In addition, forms of hereditary pathology associated with genetic defects are distinguished.
Internal pathologies that can affect the development of neuropathy:
External factors include:
Depending on the causes of occurrence, neuropathy is classified:
post-traumatic – appears as a result of injuries to the nerve fiber and its branches (with bruises,
cuts, dislocations, fractures). In most clinical cases, this form of the disease affects the ulnar nerve, facial, sciatic, nerves of the lower extremities;
diabetic – develops with diabetes mellitus;
ischemic – develops as a result of compression of nerve bundles in the spine or muscle-bone joints; As a result, the blood supply to the nerve endings is disrupted. It develops against the background of vascular diseases and with large blood loss. In most cases, the optic nerve is affected;
alcoholic – occurs due to the use of large doses of alcohol, the decay products of which complicate the metabolic process.